Issue 1


Speed Flow Density Models Prediction for Urban Roadway in Falluja City

Rafal Ahmed Abbas; Mehdi I. Alkubaisi

Anbar Journal for Engineering Sciences, 2011, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 1-16
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2011.14252

This research focuses on studying the speed flow density relationships which are considered the fundamental traffic flow relationships. The objective of the present study is to predict statistical models represent these relationships depending on a field survey data collected from Al-Thirthar road in Falluja city.Data were collected by using video-recording technique. The required data were abstracted, analyzed, grouped, and processed using computer programs developed for this purpose. Standard statistical analysis techniques were used to examine and analyze the observed data.FWASIM simulation traffic software program was used to verify the predicted traffic stream models, while the obtained results were presented in this research. To test the validity and reliability of the model, the output results of the predicated model were compared with the output data obtained from FWASIM model using similar input data and segment geometry. The comparison leads to consider that the developed regression model may be used to evaluate the performance of urban streets in Falluja city.

Investigation of Frequency Reduction Behavior on Three Phase Synchronous Generator And Transformer

Mohammed Hasan Derwish

Anbar Journal for Engineering Sciences, 2011, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 17-33
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2011.14261

Using three-phase synchronous generators basic units in power plants, the main source for feeding alternating current. The electromagnetic force (e.m.f) given by these generators depend mainly on the number of pairs of poles in the Member excitement and speed of rotation cycles of the generator. Since the number of pairs of electrodes are part of the structural arrangement of generator will not change due to overload, but it will be the adoption of frequency only on the speed with which revolves where the generator. The power transformers are the heart's main power plants and power transmission and delivery to the consumer and based on the work of the converted electric depends on electromagnetic induction, so the performance of work directly related to the frequency in which they operate. It is through this research will be identified on the behavior of each of the born Synchronous and transferred electrical in the case of low frequency. This is done checks of laboratory and compared to examine the system simulation through the language of MATLAB has been done to change the frequency and noting the effect on each of the power factor, efficiency and organization of voltages for each of the converted and born Synchronous and show results in the form of charts.

A Neural Network Cutting Fluid Effect on Surface Roughness and Tool Life

Salah Kareem Jawad

Anbar Journal for Engineering Sciences, 2011, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 34-46
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2011.14275

Is the refrigerant of the important factors affecting the cutting process as the use of fluids and in different proportions with water used in the cutting process has a clear influence on both the roughness of the surface of the metal to be used and the age of many because of that importance was the use of neural networks to predict the impact of the proportion of mixtures of different and find the best rate of mixing terms of access to the best surface roughness and longer life for many

Some Mechanical Properties of Reactive PowderLight Weight Concrete

Ibrahim A. S. Al-Jumaily

Anbar Journal for Engineering Sciences, 2011, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 47-61
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2011.14248

In General, original reactive powder concrete (RPC) consists of a superplasticized cement mixture with silica fumes, steel fiber and ground fine sand (150-600 ىm). The main purpose of the present work is to produce and study some mechanical properties of lightweight reactive powder concrete using a superplasticized cement mixture with high reactivity metakaolin (HRM) instead of silica fume, steel fiber (with different ratios ) with ground fine sand (150-600 ىm) and light weight material called (Perlite ) also with different ratios .This investigation was carried out using several tests, these tests were compressive strength, modulus of rupture, modulus of elasticity, density and absorption, and performed for specimens at ages of 3, 7, 28 days, respectively. The tests results were compared with a reference mix. The experimental results shows that , with different ages, (for constant Perlit ratio for 0% to 10% as additional cementtitious materials) addition of 1% steel fiber will improve about (8.3%-10% , 3.2%-11%and 0.25%- 8%) for compressive strength , modulus of rupture, and modulus of elasticity respectively, and increase density, absorption about (0.8%-1.8%,4.5%-8.2%) respectively. Also an increase of steel fiber ratio to 2% will improve about (16.5%-20.3%, 9.0%-17%, and 1.7%-11.5%) for compressive strength , modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity respectively, and increase density, absorption about (1.7%-2.3% , 7.3%-8.3%) respectively. For same steel fiber ratio about 0% to 2%, increasing Perlite ratio to 2.5% will decrease about (17.3%-18.8%, 9.5%-15.5%, 4.4%-16.6%, and 4.98% - 6.9%) for compressive strength, modulus of rupture, modulus of elasticity and density respectively and increase absorption to about (55.5% - 66.5%). Increasing the ratio to 5% will also make a decrease of about (36%-36.77%, 33.7%-37%, 16.5%- 21.88%and 15.91%-19.74%) for compressive strength, modulus of rupture, modulus of elasticity and density respectively and increase absorption for about (106%- 110.5%) . Increasing the ratio to 10% will also decrease about (45.98%-47.2%, 46.5-54.2%, 30.6%- 35.57%and 19.4%-23.36%) for compressive strength, modulus of rupture, modulus of elasticity and density respectively and increase absorption about(183%- 192.6%). To produce structural lightweight concrete, the tests results show that the optimum steel fiber is 1% by volume and optimum Perlite ratio is 2.5% by weight of cement as additional materials.

Thermal Performance of a Heat Pipe with Sintered Powder Metal Wick Using Ethanol and Water as Working Fluids

Ahmed A.M.Saleh; Obaid T.Fadhil

Anbar Journal for Engineering Sciences, 2011, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 62-71
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2011.14271

An experimental study is carried out to compare the thermal performance of a sintered powder metal wick heat pipe. Pure water and absolute ethanol are used as two different working fluids. The pipe is made of copper with 300 mm length, 14 mm diameter, and 1.0 mm wall thickness. The wick is made of copper powder. All the experiments are accomplished and the heat pipe is at the horizontal position (è=0o). The heat flux changed within the range (2.8 -13.13) kW/m2, while all other conditions remained constant. The results show that the thermal performance of the heat pipe is better when water is the working fluid, where the operating temperature and the thermal resistance of the heat pipe are lower when the water is the working fluid.

Use of Phase Change Material in Residential Walls to Reduce Cooling Load

Mustafa B. Al-Hadithi

Anbar Journal for Engineering Sciences, 2011, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 72-86
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2011.14257

This paper describes a numerical method for calculating the temperature distribution and latent heat storage (LHS) in the treated wall (TW) and non-treated wall (NTW). The developed method was assumed that the outer cement layer (Iraqi wall) enveloping the external wall of building and houses are contains paraffin wax as a phase change material (PCM). (25%) is the volume percentage of paraffin wax is mixed with cement which forming a treated layer. A comparison results between the (TW) and (NTW) has been done. The paper presents a simple calculation of case study for air-conditioning in two walls type of residential building. The outer solar air temperatures as function of day time are considered for a hot day in summer (July) for Baghdad city. The aim of this paper was to obtain physical validation of the numerical results produced from using developed FORTRAN program. This validation was obtained through a comparison of numerical solution of two different wall compositions exposed to the same external and internal load conditions. The calculations on transient heat transmissions across different walls were conducted. It was found that when using the (TW) with (PCM) produces lower surface and heat flux towards the cooling space with respect to (NTW).

Study of Soil Chemical Characteristic by Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques

Ahmed Saud Mohammed

Anbar Journal for Engineering Sciences, 2011, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 87-106
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2011.14262

This research represents part of the current attempts to employ remote sensing data in the scopes of the civil engineering and the geotechnical engineering applications. There is great need to know the kinds of soil and their geotechnical properties, to create recent maps which have the capability and high flexibility to deal with them in digitizing way. Therefore GIS techniques are employed in the soil of area of study .

By using ArcView software, a geographical database and information about soil chemical properties analysis have been registered and constructed digitally to represent the geotechnical soil characteristics maps . The work includes the digital image processing ( digital classification techniques) by using ERDAS, ver.,8.4 package, and classify the soil of study area by using the supervise and unsupervised techniques .

The geotechnical maps by using GIS techniques depend on remote sensing data are the better to represent the ground truth regarding the characteristics of soil , in comparison with the traditional method, because they are easy way to produce, use, store and update, in addition they save in efforts, time and cost .
The results of this study have shown that the soil of study area is gypsum where it ratio exceeded the allowable ratio ( 10.75 % ) for all samples . In addition the total Soluble Salts ratio and SO4 ratio high compared to allowable ratio (10 % , 5 %) respectively .

Utilitarian Dimension For The Relationship of The Individual (Designer)and The Requirements of The Community

Ahmed Hashim Hammed El-Eqapy

Anbar Journal for Engineering Sciences, 2011, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 107-130
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2011.14242

Contemporary researches focused on studying the social effect on architecture from several sides which were distinguished by focusing on the role of mass in forming the architectural personality of that society from the perspective of symbolic side, and moved away from studying this role and its effect on architectural formation from other sides which are more comprehensive and specialized by adding another role that is the individual role from the base of the design influence, and this is what form the foundation and the real need for breakthrough research and quest to understand and view the appropriate comprehensive by studying utilitarian dimension of the relationship between the individual as a designer and the requirements of the group.
This research aims to identify the general principles of the relationship of the individual designer group in the light of his understanding of the needs of Variation and their impact in creating a theoretical base for the case of expediency of that relationship and then focus on the study of Instant intellectual emotional bond between the thought of the individual (the designer), the Community and the impact of technology social where the status of the interaction between them and so in order to build a framework My perception is cognitive will be applied to the product of an architect team in order to extract and analyze the results of this application and to explore patterns verify the utilitarian formula of the relationship of the individual (the designer) the group with the introduction of the final conclusions and recommendations.

Evaluation of Parking Areas in Ramadi CBD

Thaer Sh.Mahmmod

Anbar Journal for Engineering Sciences, 2011, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 131-152
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2011.14268

The car parking problem in Ramadi CBD Area is considered the important urban problems that the Ramadi city suffer especially in the CBD area. Traffic problems are the main challenge of the CBD areas which has direct relationship related to the city commercial use.
The CBD main streets were chosen as a case study and the parking area on them were surveyed. The study explained that there is a sharp lack in the parking areas especially in the districts no. 4, 6, 7, and 9. The parking in the surveyed area are of on-street type.
In this study there is number of conclusions, recommendations and suggestions for the short and long term projects related to this issue to put plans for solving this urban problem in Ra-madi CBD.

Modification of (Hiet-Abojeer) Asphalt Properties Using Wastes of Cement and Fertilizer Plant to Increase Area of Its Application

Rasim Farraj Muslim; Tariq- Abdul-jalel Mandeel

Anbar Journal for Engineering Sciences, 2011, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 153-174
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2011.14264

Addition of 40% of Phosphogypsum ( Pg ) and Cement Klin dust ( CKD) to Asphalt has given encouraging results including penetration , softening , Flash point an fire point identical to the accepted properties of industrial asphalt.
Chlorination of Natural Asphalt at 1.5 hr the same additive of 40% in the presence of Fe2O3 as catalyst have affered optimizing rhealogy and thermal properties.
The FT-IR and UV identifications have indicated the existence of clear groups as aresult of chlorination and additives.
The microscopic study for floor samples have shown the good atomic distribution to floor asphalt .Generalty results on the modified natural asphalt ( Heet- Abo- Aljeer ) have proved the capability of using it in paving instead of Industrial asphalt .