Issue 4

Manufacturing of Electro-hydraulic Elevator System Controlled by PLC

Farag Mahel Mohammed; Jamal A. Mohammed; Hussain S. Mohammed

Anbar Journal of Engineering Sciences, 2020, Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 260-267
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2020.171217

Hydraulic actuators are one of the most viable choices due to their high power-to-weight ratio,low cost, robustness, fast response and great power supply. The present work focuses onbuilding an elevator prototype model simulates real hydraulic elevator. This model consists ofhydraulic parts (double-acting hydraulic cylinders, pump, valves, pipeline and filter) andelectronic parts (PLC, push-bottoms, relays and encoder). It is built with three floors in about300 cm height (total with the cylinder) to elevate a 30 kg payload and controlled by a PLCcontroller of (DELTA DVP-ES32) with 16 inputs and 16 outputs. The PLC receives input signals asorders from the operator as well as sensors and encoders. The PLC is programmed with WPSOFT2.46 Ladder diagram software to basically calling the elevator cabin through three locations andenabling its arrival at the desired floor. The cabin descent is achieved by using a proportionalcontrol valve which is controlled by the PLC. The cabin door is automatically opened and closedby DC motors. It is observed that, the application of this partnership between the PLC and theproportional valve in the build model helped to achieve excellent results in terms of systemcontrol and its efficiency, response, and smoothness.

Numerical study of thermal comfort levels in a conference hall

Mhaned A. Mudher; Ahmed A. Najeeb ao

Anbar Journal of Engineering Sciences, 2020, Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 268-281
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2020.171219

The present study was concerned with the analysis, simulation of the air flow pat-terns and thermal comfort levels in the University of Anbar at conferences hall (Ibn Al Haitham hall). The study was performed in a hot - dry season. The pur-pose of the present work was to investigate the level of thermal comfort and the influence of the air flow on the flow patterns at the conferences hall. It has been assumed that the total number of occupying audiences in the hall was approxi-mately 100 persons. The present work simulated and analyzed four hypothetical cases, namely: in the first case, the hall was assumed as an empty place, whereas the other three cases were performed by redistribution for the three units of air conditioning, the hall was assumed as a filled place with persons in September 2019. The study was accomplished using simulation techniques, a CFD code (FLUENT 6.2) v.17, which is commercially available. The CFD modelling tech-niques were applied to solve the continuity, momentum and the energy conserva-tion equations in addition to the Turbulence k-є (RNG) model equations for a tur-bulence closure model. Thermal comfort was assessed by finding the values of predicted mean vote (PMV), predicted percentage of dissatisfied (PPD), and ASHRAE standard-55. In conclusion, the second case was the superior in compar-ison to these other cases. It was noted that the PMV value was 0.17, whereas the PPD value was 6.79 at the breathing level.

A Review on Recent Techniques for Boiler Tubes Corrosion Protection and Fouling Mitigation Using PLC

Raheek I. Ibrahim; Manal K. Odah; Hind A. Sami

Anbar Journal of Engineering Sciences, 2020, Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 282-288
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2020.171220

Abstract- A steam boiler is a metal vessel in which a particular liquid is heated to steam. Steam is used in the production of energy in several areas as most boilers convert water to steam used in heating buildings and others. Steam boilers are exposed to corrosion and sediment as a result of salts dissolved in water, which may lead to increased temperature inside the boiler and thus the boiler explosion. The research included finding a suitable way to solve the problem of sedi-ment and corrosion by adding suitable chemicals to get rid of the dissolved salts inside the water and maintain steam boiler. To control this problem, the control system is designed to control the amount of salts in the water in the steam boiler using PLC.

A Neural Model to Estimate Carrying Capacity of Rectangular Steel Tubular Columns Filled with Concrete

Kadhim Zuboon Nasser; Aqeel H. Chkheiwer; Mohammed F. Ojaimi

Anbar Journal of Engineering Sciences, 2020, Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 289-298
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2020.171222

The goal of the current investigation is to construct an artificial neural network (ANN) to estimate the ultimate capacity of the composite columns consisting of a rectangular steel tube filled with concrete (RSTFC) under concentric loads. The experimental results of (222) samples collected from previous researches were used in constructing the proposed network. Totally (45) specimens were randomly chosen for network testing while the remaining (177) speci-mens were used to train the network. The information used to create the ANN model is ar-ranged into (6) variables represents the different dimensions and properties of the RSTFC col-umns. Based on the input information, a formulated network was used to estimate the columns' ultimate capacity. Results obtained from the formulated network, available laboratory tests, and Eurocode 4 and AISC equations were compared. The network values were closer to the laboratory values than the calculated values according to the specifications of the mentioned codes. It has been shown that the formulated ANN model has a high ability to estimate the RCFST ultimate capacity under concentric loads

Characterization of Rotary Friction Welded AISI 304 Steel Joints

Jwan Khalil Mohammed; Ramadan H. Gardi; Dlair O. Ramadan

Anbar Journal of Engineering Sciences, 2020, Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 299-307
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2020.171224

Friction welding method is one of the most efficient and effective techniques for joining similar and dissimilar materials. The AISI 304 austenitic stainless-steel is a most common type of austenitic stainless steel which is used in various practical applications like automotive, food manufacturing, chemical applications, etc. Therefore, the impact strength and microstructure behavior of friction welded AISI 304 austenitic stainless-steel joints were investigated. The specimens were divided into two groups, the surface of the first group was flat while the interface of the second group was designed by fabricating a pin and hole. The effect of different forging pressure (192.4, 240.5, 288.6 and 384.8 MPa) on impact toughness and microstructure behavior of AISI 304 were examined using Charpy impact tester and optical microscope, respectively. The minimum impact strength was observed at 240.5 MPa for flat interface samples whereas, the maximum impact strength value (0.5675 J/mm2) was at 388.6 MPa forging pressure for pin interface samples. In addition, the ductile mode in pin type for all cases while both, brittle and ductile mode in the flat joint was noticed. Finally, it was concluded that the impact strength improved with designing a pin and hole shape at the joint interface.

Sustainable Management of Water Resources in The Upper Euphrates Basin-Iraq

S. Mohammad; A. Mustafa; J. Al-Somaydaii

Anbar Journal of Engineering Sciences, 2020, Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 308-317
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2020.171226

The research aims evaluates the water consumption and future demand by using the WEAP program. Five scenarios have been adopted, which is the reference scenario that showed the results of increase in water demand from (100) million cubic meters in 2015 to (397) MCM in 2035 with a water deficit in 2035 to (38) MCM. Modern irrigation methods reduce the water deficit from (38-2.9) MCM. While the use of underground water reduced the deficit from (38-26) MCM. As for the wastewater reuse scenario, the deficit decreased from (38-35) MCM. Reducing the per capita share did not reduce the water deficit.

Performance Study of Fluent-2D and Flow-3D Platforms in the CFD Modeling of a Flow Pattern Over Ogee Spillway

Ahmed Imad Rajaa; Ammar Hatem Kamela

Anbar Journal of Engineering Sciences, 2020, Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 317-328
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2020.171262

Recently, the investigations studies of simulating flow over spillways have increased using numerical models. Due to its important structure in the dams to pass flood wave to the downstream safely. Researches finding have shown that CFD (Computational fluid dynamics) models as the numerical method are a perfect alternative for laboratory tests. Performance analysis of the CFD platforms Ansys Fluent-2D and Flow-3D are presented, focus on finding the variations between the numerical results of the two programs to simulate the flow over ogee spillway. The present study treats the turbulence using RNG k-ε of RANS approach, and also use the Volume of Fluid (VOF) algorithm to track the water-air interaction. The Fluent-2D and Flow-3D accuracy are assessed by comparing representative flows variables (velocity; free surface profiles; pressure; and the turbulent kinetic energy). The results of both codes have been also compared with experimental data. The results of the analysis show an excellent agreement between the two platforms data, which could assist in the future by using both programs to calibrate each other, rather than traditionally relying on laboratory calibration models.