There are ethical publication norms in place to ensure high-quality scientific publications, public faith in scientific discoveries, and credit for people's ideas. It's crucial to stay away from:
● Deception and manipulation of data:
The term "data deception" refers to a researcher who did not conduct the study but fabricated the results. The term "data manipulation" refers to when a researcher conducts an experiment but then alters some of the results.
It is unjust and unethical to steal other scientists' concepts and effort without giving them credit. Plagiarism occurs when you copy even one paragraph from someone else's manuscript, or even one of your own that has already been published, without properly citing it; instead, use your own ideas.
● Multiple submissions:
Submitting the same paper to many journals at the same time is illegal. This wastes the work of editors and peer reviewers, and it can harm the authors' and journals' reputations if they are published in multiple journals, as the subsequent publication will have to be withdrawn.