Keywords : Plastic

Progressive Collapse Analyses of Buildings Subjected to Earthquake Loads

Dr. Fareed H. Mosawi; Dr. Haider S. Al Jubair; Mr. Hussein A. Ahmed

Anbar Journal of Engineering Sciences, 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 10-19
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2021.171194

Progressive collapse is a partial or total failure of a building that mostly occurs when the build-ing loses primary structural elements (typically columns) due to accidental or natural hazards. The failure of structures due to an earthquake is one of the most important and frequent types of progressive collapse. In this study, the finite element method is used to assess the response of multistory reinforced concrete buildings subjected to column loss during an earthquake. Three-dimensional nonlinear dynamic analyses are carried out using SAP2000 V.20 program. The ef-fects of different parameters on the progressive collapse behavior are investigated, namely: the location of the removed column within the ground floor; the method of column removal (sudden, in two-steps, and in four-steps) and the removal timing during the earthquake. It is demonstrated that the collapse occurs when all or most of the hinges at the bases of the ground floor columns reach their collapse level. The chosen column removal timing and policy affect the structural behavior considerably. It is realized that, the risk of building collapse increases when the removal timing harmonizes with the peak ground acceleration timing. Based on the adopted earthquake characteristics and building configurations, it is found that, the two steps removal scenario is the most dangerous one.Keywords:Progressive collapse, Concrete buildings, Seismic load, Nonlinear dynamic analysis, Plastic hinge.© 2014


Ahmed Hammad Hussain; Ahmed Mohmmed Ahmed; Mohammed Taha Hammood; Aziz Ibraheem Abdulla

Anbar Journal of Engineering Sciences, 2020, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 136-141
DOI: 10.37649/aengs.2020.171288

This research paper is an attempt to reuse plastic waste fibre resulting from plastic sections industry as an additive to concrete matrix. The relationship between fibre volume fraction and mechanical properties of concrete and re-inforced concrete tiles was investigated. Three volume fractions of fibre ( 0.5 % , 1 % and 1.5 % - by volume of concrete ) were used through the experi-mental program. Tests’ results proved a slight decrease in concrete compres-sive strength as plastic fibre was added compared with the reference mix. Flexural behaviour of concrete tiles was enhanced as adding fibres. Adding fibre to Concrete results in a negligible reduction in concrete density. Fibre with high volume fractions improved Splitting tensile strength compared to the reference mix.